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Optimizing Employee Performance Based on Personality Types

Have you ever noticed that some of your employees thrive in certain situations while others struggle? You may have a salesperson who excels at building client relationships but struggles with attention to detail. Or that silent analyst who can crunch numbers like no one’s business but needs help with presentations. These differences in strengths and weaknesses are often rooted in their personality types, and understanding them can help you make the most out of employee performance.

One study found that personality traits such as extraversion, conscientiousness, and emotional stability are related to job performance in a good light. On the other hand, traits such as neuroticism are related to performance in a bad light. It also showed that certain personality types were more suited to certain job roles, highlighting the importance of giving individuals jobs that align with their strengths and preferences.

By leveraging personality type insights, you can make the most out of your employees’ productivity by giving them tasks that align with their strengths. Such strategies can promote job satisfaction, which can improve performance at work.

Eight people both male and female joined by the arms and looking into the seascape.

Agreeable people can break barriers among team members and inspire collaborations.

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a personality tool that points out an individual’s psychological preferences based on four dichotomies: extraversion vs. introversion, sensing vs. intuition, thinking vs. feeling, and judging vs. perceiving. This free test helps identify yours based on your answers to a series of questions that incorporates situational and behavioral tendencies, hence the possibility of being identified with certain traits that overlap with one another.

The combination of these dichotomies results in 16 different personality types, each with its unique strengths, weaknesses, and characteristics.

Think of personality frameworks like different flavors of ice cream. The MBTI is like a sundae with four toppings: introversion, sensing, thinking, and judging. Each combination of toppings creates a unique personality type, like an ISTJ “cherry on top” or an ENFP “whipped cream and sprinkles.”

Employers can use this framework to improve employee performance by tailoring tasks and work environments to fit each of your team member’s unique “flavor” or personality.

The list I’ll share below is exhaustive, I know. But this is relevant and insightful. So without further ado, here are the 16 personality types your employees may possess.

ISTJ: Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging

They are practical, logical, reliable, responsible, and detail-oriented. They prefer structure and order.

ISFJ: Introverted, Sensing, Feeling, Judging

They are warm, sympathetic, conscientious, and loyal. Traditions and stability are important to them.

INFJ: Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Judging

They are creative, insightful, empathetic, and idealistic. They highly value close relationships.

INTJ: Introverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Judging

They are analytical, strategic, and independent. They value competence and efficiency.

ISTP: Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving

They are adaptable, analytical, spontaneous, and enjoy solving problems.

ISFP: Introverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving

They are creative, sensitive, and empathetic and enjoy expressing themselves through art and creativity.

INFP: Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving

They are creative, idealistic, empathetic, and highly value authenticity and personal growth.

INTP: Introverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Perceiving

They are logical, analytical, and independent and enjoy exploring complex ideas and theories.

ESTP: Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving

They are action-oriented, spontaneous, and practical. ESTPs thrive in environments that give them the feeling of “high pressure.”

ESFP: Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving

They are outgoing and friendly, enjoy making others happy, and thrive in social situations.

ENFP: Extraverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving

They are enthusiastic, creative, empathetic, and highly value personal growth and connections with others.

ENTP: Extraverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Perceiving

They are curious, innovative, and logical. ENTPs enjoy checking out new ideas and concepts.

ESTJ: Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging

They are practical, logical, and efficient. They prefer structure and order in their work environment.

ESFJ: Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Judging

They are warm and supportive. Aside from that, they highly value harmony and relationships with other people.

ENFJ: Extraverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Judging

They are charismatic and empathetic. ENFJs highly value personal growth and helping others.

ENTJ: Extraverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Judging

They are strategic, analytical, and confident. They enjoy leading and guiding others toward achieving goals.

Five arms forming a circle of fist over laptops and office supplies.

Capitalize on your team members’ unique traits for better work dynamics.

Optimization Strategies for Employers Based on Employee Personality Types

Unlocking the potential of your employees requires more than just giving them the tools and resources they need to do their job. It also means understanding and making the most out of their unique personality traits. Creating a culture where management is trained to learn and understand the individuals they oversee on this level may seem difficult to achieve, but by tailoring your approach to each employee, you can tap into their strengths and help them reach their full potential.

Here are some ways for employers to make the most out of performance based on different personality types.

For extroverts

Give chances for social interaction and collaboration. Encourage open communication and team activities to help them thrive.

For introverts

Respect their need for alone time and quiet spaces. Offer them chances to work alone, with minimal interruption.

For sensors

Give clear and specific instructions for tasks. Offer training and support to help them understand and execute their work.

For intuitive

Encourage creativity and innovation. Allow them to think outside the box and explore new ideas.

For thinkers

Give logical and analytical challenges. Give them chances to solve problems on their own and work on complex tasks.

For feelers

Give a supportive and collaborative work environment. Encourage open communication and positive team culture.

For judgers

Give clear deadlines. Offer chances for them to plan and organize their work effectively.

For perceivers

Allow for flexibility and adaptability in their work. Also, offer chances for them to work on multiple tasks simultaneously and adapt to changing priorities.


In today’s fast-paced business world, making the most out of employee performance is important for staying ahead. Employers can create a more dynamic and effective team by taking advantage of the power of different personality types.

Whether you’re a leader who loves to empower extroverted team members or a manager who thrives on the attention to detail of your employees, understanding and leveraging personality traits can help you improve productivity, drive innovation, and build a work culture that gets and retains top talent.

If you’re interested in learning more about improving your employees’ performance and satisfaction levels based on their unique and diverse personality types, just message me so I can help.

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